- Functions of the Department
- How the potable water reaches to the consumer ?
- History of Water Supply in Surat
- Water Supply Scenario - Pre Year 2000
- Water Supply System - Year 2001 to 2006
- Water Supply System - Year 2006 to 2010
“Every Citizen of Surat City must get safe and reliable drinking water on continuous basis at his/her doorstep through water supply distribution network.”
Functions of the Department
- Long-term Planning, Design & Implementation & Monitoring of various Water Supply Schemes according to Master Plan.
- Implementation of various water supply projects like- augmentation of new sources of water, development of new water works/ water distribution stations, increasing capacity of existing water treatment plants/ Intake wells/ underground tanks, Construction of overhead tanks, design, procurement & laying of transmission pipelines and distribution pipelines, procurement & installation of valves etc. is carried out by floating public tenders & appointing capable contractors as approved by the competent sanctioning authority of Surat Municipal Corporation.
- Issue of new licenses & renewal of existing licenses for plumbers.
- Providing water tankers in the deficient area and where any complaints are received about quality/quantity of water supplied through pipeline.
- Maintenance of all the water works, water treatment plants water distribution stations, valves, transmission pipelines and distribution pipelines is done either departmentally or by appointing private participants.
How the potable water reaches to the consumer ?
- Extracting surface/sub-surface water from sources - like River Intake wells, Jack wells, Infiltration wells and bore wells.
- Treatment of raw water by Pre-Chlorination, Primary treatment and Filtration upto the standards of safe drinking water.
- Quality Control and Laboratory testing at treatment stage.
- Transmission of treated water from Water Works to Water Distribution Stations, located in different parts of the city via Transmission pipelines
- Post-Chlorination & Distribution of treated water to the consumers from different Water Distribution Stations via distribution pipelines, during supply hours.
- Day to day collection of water samples from different water points of water distribution system, laboratory testing (chemical analysis and bacteriological testing) of the collected samples and feed back of results to the Hydraulic Department - Remedial measures taken, if required.
History of Water Supply in Surat
- Surat is situated at the tail end of the 750 km. long River Tapi which has been the main source of water for the city since centuries.
- During the period of British-raj in India, Surat municipality was established by the then Collector, Mr. Rogers on 23rd April, 1852 but there was no provision of public water supply at that time.
- During year 1864, Sir Kawasji Jahangir of Surat had donated Rs.1.25 Lacs to construct a water works for the city. In 1867, Mr. Gragery prepared a plan to draw water from river Tapi near Kamrej and bring the same up to Delhi Gate by a pipeline. In 1876, it was planned to bring water to Gopi Talav with the help of wind energy, though the plan did not materialize.
- In 1894, Fardunji Taraporewala was appointed as an Executive Engineer in Surat by the British Government, who planned to build Infiltration wells in the river. In the same year, work for first water supply pipeline was started near Surat railway station by Mr.George Harrison, then Governor of Mumbai.
- In 1898, Varachha Water Works was inaugurated at the cost of Rs.9.89 Lacs. It was then known as Lely Water Works in the name of Mr.Lely, then Collector of Surat. Water from this water works was also provided to Rander municipal area as one tenth of the total expenditure of water works was shared by them. Sheth Haji Yusuf of Rander had donated the contribution of Rander.
- In the year 1931, chlorination was used in Surat city water supply for the first time. In the year 1950, new Engine House & new overhead tank were started. In the year 1952, city's first surface water treatment plant was commissioned at Varachha.
Water Supply Scenario - Pre Year 2000
By 2001, the population of Surat city has reached 24 lakh and water treatement facility for 440 MLD was available, thus assuring availability at the rate of 150 lpcd. This had been achieved by the following major works taken up between 1984 and 2000.
- In year 1984, 20 new tube wells were constructed at Varachha & Sarthana to increase the water supply capacity.
- In the year 1985, Radial collecting wells (2 Nos) were constructed at Sarthana and water distribution stations were constructed at Khatodara, Umarwada & Katargam.
- In the year 1995, gross average daily water supply was 180 MLD to a population of about 18 Lacs resulting in an acute shortage of water supply. Moreover, high tides of river were affecting the quality of surface water also up to Sarthana & thereby resulting in salty water.
- A weir-cum-causeway was constructed across river Tapi in the year 1995 at Rander-Singanpore at a total project cost of Rs.35 Crores. The project was implemented as a public-private partnership with Hazira area industries. Due to the construction of weir, a reservoir of about 31000 TCM (Thousand Cubic Meter) capacity became available for drawing surface water.
- After construction of the weir across river Tapi, new water works for the city was commissioned at Katargam in the year 1997, at a total project cost of about Rs.25 Crores.
- As a part of the long-term master plan for the water supply scheme of Surat city, 120 MLD capacity water treatment plant was commissioned in the year 1997 and was increased to total 240 MLD in 1999. Raw water at this water treatment plant was fed by the intake well constructed in the river Tapi.
- Surat Municipal Corporation had prepared a long-term Water Supply Master Plan in the year 1995 to fulfill the water demand for the projected population for the year 2021 in consultation with Tata Consulting Engineers, Mumbai.
Water Supply System - Year 2001 to 2006
Between 2001 and 2005, various works were taken up to increase the water treatment and distribution capacity in Surat. The water supply rose by 20% from 440MLD in 2000-01 to 550 MLD in 2004-05.
- 240 MLD capacity raw water Intake Well & 120 MLD capacity Water Treatment Plant were commissioned at Sarthana Water Works in the year 2001 at the total project cost of about Rs. 30 Crores. It increased the capacity for accessing the available surface water reservoir.
- In January 2003, 200 MLD capacity Water Treatment Plant & 360 MLD capacity raw water Intake Well were commissioned at Rander Water Works at total project cost of about Rs.35 Crores.
- Capital expenditure of total Rs.178.22 Crore was made during this period to implement various water supply projects comprising of water treatment plant, Intake well, Underground Storage reservoir (UGSR), Elevated Service Reservoir (ESR) and laying of pipelines.
Increase in Capacity: Year 2001- 2006
|Sr. No.||Water Supply Project||Year 2001||Year 2005|
|1||Intake Well (in MLD)||480||840|
|2||Water Treatment Plants (in MLD)||428||628|
|3||UGSR Capacity (in Lac lit)||3822||4450|
|4||ESR Capacity (in Lac lit)||103||150|
|5||Pipeline (in km)||1850||2250|
Water Supply System - Year 2006 to 2010
- In the year 2006, city limit was extended from 112.27 sq.km. to 326.51 sq.km. area, merging 27 Grampanchayats & 8 Nagarpalikas into city. Due to the revised area & population scenario, preparation of Master Plan had to be revised.
- In this period, water supply projects worth Rs.509 Crores were sanctioned under JnNURM scheme and Water Supply projects worth Rs.74 Crores were sanctioned by State Government under Savarnim Jayanti Mukhyamantri Shaheri Vikas Yojana (SJMMSVY) for newly merged eastern area of city.
- Capital expenditure of total Rs.345.73 Crore was made during this period to implement various water supply projects comprising of water treatment plant, Intake well, Underground Storage reservoir (UGSR), Elevated Service Reservoir (ESR) and TRansmission & Distribution pipelines.
- In March 2007, 200 MLD capacity fully automatic water treatment plant with SCADA was commissioned at Sarthana Water Works at a total project cost of Rs.24.22 Crores.
- In February 2009, two fully automatic water treatment plants with SCADA of 150 MLD capacity each were commissioned at Katargam & Sarthana Water Works at a total project cost of Rs.50.20 Crores under JnNURM scheme.
- By fast-tracking the implementation of projects, SMC achieved a 30% increase in water supply from 580 in 2006 to 750 in 2010.
Increase in Capacity: Year 2006- 2010
|Sr. No.||Water Supply Project||Year 2006||Year 2010|
|1||Intake Well (in MLD)||840||840|
|2||Water Treatment Plants (in MLD)||628||1178|
|3||UGSR Capacity (in Lac lit)||4450||6300|
|4||ESR Capacity (in Lac lit)||150||202.5|
|5||Pipeline (in km)||2250||2550|
Water Supply System - Year 2011 TO 2015 (Present)
- In this period, water supply projects worth Rs.144 Crores were sanctioned under JnNURM scheme for newly merged eastern area of city.
- In January 2011, 50 MLD water treatment plant was commissined at Rander water works under JnNURM at a project cost of Rs.760 Lacs.
- Water Supply Scheme (part) for Amroli, Kosad, Chhaprabhatha area of New North Zone of Surat was commissioned and inaugurated by Honorable Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri Narendrabhai Modi on Dt.27-05-2012. Total cost of different packages was Rs.50.06 Crores.
- Intake well of 360 MLD capacity at Sarthana & 263 MLD at Katargam were commissioned at total project cost of Rs.33 Crores.
- In January 2013, 90 MLD capacity fully automatic water treatment plant with SCADA was commissioned at Kosad Water Works at a total project cost of Rs.16.47 Crores.
- UGSR of 150 Lacs Liters capacity with booster house at Rajashri Hall, Central zone was commissioned at total project cost of Rs.4.90 Crores.
- 3 UGSR of total 163 Lacs Liters capacity with booster house with total project cost of Rs.8.58 Crores were commissioned in 2012-13 for water supply scheme of New South-East area of Surat under JnNURM.
- 3 UGSR of total 245 Lacs Liters capacity with booster house with total project cost of Rs.13.97 Crores for water supply scheme under Swarnim Jayanti Mukhya Mantri Shaheri Vikas Yojana for Puna, Simada, Sarthana area were inaugurated by Honorable Minister Smt. Anandiben Patel in April 2013.
- In Year 2012-13, 18 ESR of total 423 Lacs liters were commissioned for New North & New South east area of Surat under JnNURM at total project cost of Rs.37 Crores.
- In Year 2013-14, construction work for 4 UGSR of total 275 Lacs liters capacity and 6 ESR of total 114 Lacs liters capacity was completed at a total project cost of Rs.20.80 Crores.
- In year 2014-15, 200 MLD Intake well, 32 MLD WTP, 88 Lacs liters capacity UGSR with booster house (WDS-1), 3 Elevated Service Reservoirs and associated pipelines were commissioned at Mota Varachha with a total project cost of Rs.53 Crores as a part of 24 x 7 water Supply scheme for New North area.
- In year 2014-15, 2 Water Distribution Stations WDS SE-3 & SE-4 with total 100 Lacs liters capacity UGSR with booster house, 4 Elevated Service Reservoirs with total 96 Lacs liters capacity and associated pipelines were commissioned at Unn, Vadod, Dindoli, Godadara with a total project cost of Rs.34.54 Crores as a part of 24 x 7 water Supply scheme for New South-East area.
- By fast-tracking the implementation of projects, SMC has achieved 30% increase in water supply from 750 in 2010 to 980 in 2015.
- SMC is now poised to achieve the goal of 100% coverage of extended area & population by year 2016.
|Sr. No.||Water Supply Project||Year 2010-11||Year 2014-15||Year 2015-16|
|1||Intake Well (in MLD)||840||1663||2033|
|2||Water Treatment Plants (in MLD)||1178||1300||1468|
|3||UGSR Capacity (in Lac lit)||6300||6908||6991|
|4||ESR Capacity (in Lac lit)||202.5||1039||1207|
|5||Pipeline (in km)||2550||3250||3350|